Friday, April 17, 2020

MS Word Automation from Visual Studio

Add reference to Microsoft Word 16 Object Library


Imports Microsoft.Office.Interop

Public Class Form1
    Private Sub Button1_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

        Dim oWord As Word.Application
        Dim oDoc As Word.Document
        Dim oTable As Word.Table
        Dim oPara1 As Word.Paragraph, oPara2 As Word.Paragraph
        Dim oPara3 As Word.Paragraph, oPara4 As Word.Paragraph
        Dim oRng As Word.Range
        Dim oShape As Word.InlineShape
        Dim oChart As Object
        Dim Pos As Double

        'Start Word and open the document template.
        oWord = CreateObject("Word.Application")
        oWord.Visible = True
        oDoc = oWord.Documents.Add

        MsgBox("Word should be visible")
        'Insert a paragraph at the beginning of the document.
        oPara1 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add
        oPara1.Range.Text = "Heading 1"
        oPara1.Range.Font.Bold = True
        oPara1.Format.SpaceAfter = 24    '24 pt spacing after paragraph.
        oPara1.Range.InsertParagraphAfter()

        'Insert a paragraph at the end of the document.
        '** \endofdoc is a predefined bookmark.
        oPara2 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range)
        oPara2.Range.Text = "Heading 2"
        oPara2.Format.SpaceAfter = 6
        oPara2.Range.InsertParagraphAfter()

        'Insert another paragraph.
        oPara3 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range)
        oPara3.Range.Text = "This is a sentence of normal text. Now here is a table:"
        oPara3.Range.Font.Bold = False
        oPara3.Format.SpaceAfter = 24
        oPara3.Range.InsertParagraphAfter()

        'Insert a 3 x 5 table, fill it with data, and make the first row
        'bold and italic.
        Dim r As Integer, c As Integer
        oTable = oDoc.Tables.Add(oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range, 3, 5)
        oTable.Range.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6
        For r = 1 To 3
            For c = 1 To 5
                oTable.Cell(r, c).Range.Text = "r" & r & "c" & c
            Next
        Next
        oTable.Rows.Item(1).Range.Font.Bold = True
        oTable.Rows.Item(1).Range.Font.Italic = True

        'Add some text after the table.
        'oTable.Range.InsertParagraphAfter()
        oPara4 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range)
        oPara4.Range.InsertParagraphBefore()
        oPara4.Range.Text = "And here's another table:"
        oPara4.Format.SpaceAfter = 24
        oPara4.Range.InsertParagraphAfter()

        'Insert a 5 x 2 table, fill it with data, and change the column widths.
        oTable = oDoc.Tables.Add(oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range, 5, 2)
        oTable.Range.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6
        For r = 1 To 5
            For c = 1 To 2
                oTable.Cell(r, c).Range.Text = "r" & r & "c" & c
            Next
        Next
        oTable.Columns.Item(1).Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(2)   'Change width of columns 1 & 2
        oTable.Columns.Item(2).Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(3)

        'Keep inserting text. When you get to 7 inches from top of the
        'document, insert a hard page break.
        Pos = oWord.InchesToPoints(7)
        oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range.InsertParagraphAfter()
        Do
            oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range
            oRng.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6
            oRng.InsertAfter("A line of text")
            oRng.InsertParagraphAfter()
        Loop While Pos >= oRng.Information(Word.WdInformation.wdVerticalPositionRelativeToPage)
        oRng.Collapse(Word.WdCollapseDirection.wdCollapseEnd)
        oRng.InsertBreak(Word.WdBreakType.wdPageBreak)
        oRng.Collapse(Word.WdCollapseDirection.wdCollapseEnd)
        oRng.InsertAfter("We're now on page 2. Here's my chart:")
        oRng.InsertParagraphAfter()

        'Insert a chart and change the chart.
        oShape = oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range.InlineShapes.AddOLEObject(
            ClassType:="MSGraph.Chart.8", FileName _
            :="", LinkToFile:=False, DisplayAsIcon:=False)
        oChart = oShape.OLEFormat.Object
        oChart.charttype = 4 'xlLine = 4
        oChart.Application.Update()
        MsgBox("about to close the chart")
        oChart.Application.Quit()
        'If desired, you can proceed from here using the Microsoft Graph 
        'Object model on the oChart object to make additional changes to the
        'chart.
        oShape.Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(6.25)
        oShape.Height = oWord.InchesToPoints(3.57)

        'Add text after the chart.
        oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.Item("\endofdoc").Range
        oRng.InsertParagraphAfter()
        oRng.InsertAfter("THE END.")

    End Sub
End Class


https://support.microsoft.com/en-ca/help/316383/how-to-automate-word-from-visual-basic-net-to-create-a-new-document

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